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Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) to Enhance Participation of Racial/Ethnic Minorities in Clinical Trials: A 10-Year Systematic Review

TitleCommunity-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) to Enhance Participation of Racial/Ethnic Minorities in Clinical Trials: A 10-Year Systematic Review
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsMcFarlane SJulian, Occa A, Peng W, Awonuga O, Morgan SE
JournalHealth CommunicationHealth Communication
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number10410236
Accession Number157567032
KeywordsCINAHL database, clinical trials, communication, Communities, Diversity in clinical trials, EMPIRICAL research, Ethnic Groups, HUMAN research subjects, MEDLINE, Minority participation, Online information services, Patient selection, Systematic reviews
AbstractThere has not been a significant improvement in the rate of clinical trial accrual in more than 20 years. Worse, the challenge of inadequate representation among racial and ethnic minorities also persists, deepening disparities in health. Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a participatory communication method that centers on effective dialogue between researchers and community stakeholders with the goal of creating an equitable partnership for health and social change. The objective of the current study was to provide an update since a systematic review in 2012, on the current status of the empirical research, with a particular focus on the elements of CBPR methods used to improve the rate of accrual of members of racial and ethnic minority communities for clinical trials. Our systematic review found a large increase in the number of CBPR related studies and studies related to racial and ethnic representation in research. More than 85% of studies employing CBPR methods saw statistically positive outcomes. Specifically, the elements of CBPR that are associated with these positive outcomes include community partner participation in (1) a study advisory committee, (2) data collection, (3) the development of interventions, and (4) participant recruitment. However, the results of our study indicate that researchers need to be more transparent about the extent of community participation as well as more thoroughly and accurately describe the nature of the partnership with members of minority communities in order to build upon the scientific literature on community-engaged methods. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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